Vitamins and minerals are essential to our health. We need them for normal cell growth, function and development. Vitamins can be grouped into two categories: fat-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins. Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the body’s fatty tissue – these are vitamins A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins must be absorbed by the body right away, or else they will leave your body through urine. The vitamin B complex, C and folate are examples of water-soluble vitamins .
Minerals are also essential to our health – they are the chemical elements required by living organisms (like us) . Like vitamins, minerals are broken into two categories. Macro minerals are needed in large quantities (like iron and zinc), while trace minerals are needed in, well, trace amounts (like iodine and chromium).
What does each vitamin and mineral do? Why do we need it? And how do we know if don’t have enough? And how do we fix that without taking supplements? So many questions! It’s okay, we, along with the people at HealthCentral.com who have made this really great infographic, have these answers for you. Plain text follows infographic.